Examining gender prescriptive stereotypes at the intersection of sexual orientation (Study 1) and race (Study 2), we find evidence of prototypicality biases and muted gender differences between men and women of non-prototypical groups.
Using semi-auditory implicit association tests (IATs), we find that implicit representations of nigger and nigga in White and Black Project Implicit participants were decidedly negative. However, Black and Latinx youth who use these words in socially sanctioned environments showed less implicit negativity.
Across five studies, we document the persistent stereotypes that gay men are promiscuous and have riskier sex. We also find that people have similar stereotypes of lesbian women, albeit to a lesser degree, and these stereotypes have implications for prejudice and discrimination.